Induction Hardening and tempering

Induction Hardening and tempering Surface Process Induction Hardening Induction Hardening is a process of heating followed by cooling generally fast for increase hardness and mechanical strength of steel. To this end, the steel is heated to a temperature slightly higher than the upper critical (between 850-900ºC) and then cooled more or less quickly (depending on … Read more

What is induction tempering?

What is induction tempering?

Induction tempering is a heating process that optimizes mechanical properties such as toughness and ductility
in workpieces that have already been hardened.
What are the benefits?
The main advantage of induction over furnace tempering is speed. Induction can temper workpieces in minutes, sometimes even seconds. Furnaces typically take hours. And as induction tempering is perfect for inline integration, it minimizes the number of components in process. Induction tempering facilitates quality control of individual workpieces. Integrated induction temper stations also save valuable floor space.
Where is it used?
Induction tempering is widely employed in the automotive industry to temper surface-hardened components such as shafts, bars and joints. The process is also used in the tube and pipe industry to temper throughhardened workpieces. Induction tempering is sometimes performed in the hardening station, sometimes in one or several separate temper stations.
What equipment is available?
Complete HardLine systems are ideal for many tempering applications. The chief benefit of such systems is that hardening and tempering are performed by one machine. This delivers significant time and cost savings in a small footprint compared to alternative technologies. With furnaces, for example, one furnace often first hardens the workpieces, with a separate furnace
then being used for tempering. Solid state DAWEI Induction Heating Systems are also used for tempering applications.

induction tempering system

Induction Tempering Spring

Induction Tempering Spring with High Frequency Induction Heating Equipment

Objective Temper a spring by heating it to 300°C (570°F) in 2 – 4 seconds
Material Stainless steel AISI 302 springs- different length from 60 to
110 mm – outer diameters 8 mm.- wire diameter from 0.3 to 0.6 mm
Temperature 300°C (570°F)
Frequency 326 kHz
Equipment • DW-UHF-10kW induction heating system
• remote workhead, two 0.33μF capacitors (total 0.66μF)
• multi-turn C-channel coil developed for this application
Process Springs are mounted on non-metallic mandrels to facilitate loading and unloading and are placed inside the coil (picture). Power is applied for 2 – 4 seconds, completing the tempering process. The C-channel distributes the heating evenly and enables the convenient staging and removal of the springs.
Results/Benefits Efficiency: Energy is applied directly to the springs only;surrounding air and fixturing are not heated.
Precision: temperature and duration of process are controlled
Convenience: method integrates into a continuous process